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=> Packaging approved for transporting hazardous materials must be marked.
=> The marking must be legible and durable.
=> Generally speaking, two types of products can be transported in approved packaging*
** We are referring to the types of packaging distributed by Fidel Fillaud
=> There are different regulations depending on the shipping method selected
Depending on the material to be transported, there are several types of markings:
The marking appears directly on the packaging.
Take a look at the examples below.
1For viscous liquids whose viscosity at 23° C exceeds 200mm²/s the measurement used is not specific gravity (like liquids) but gross mass, in other words container + content (like solids)
2 In packaging for Hazardous Materials, the letter S stands for "packaging for the transport of solids." In the case of light gauge metal packaging marked RID/ADR (like the marking above), the S stands for "packaging intended to contain liquids whose viscosity at 23° C exceeds 200mm²/s"
Let's look at our example of a marking for the transport of hazardous liquids:
1A1 => Packaging identification code
This code provides information on the type, material and category of the packaging.
The first digit corresponds to the type of packaging
The letter corresponds to the material the packaging is made of
Generally, the second digit corresponds to the type of closure
1 - drums, pails
3 - jerricans-jugs
4 - boxes
6 - composite packagings (composed of an outer packaging and an inner container that are inseparable)
0 - light gauge metal packagings (for RID-ADR)
31 - IBCs for liquids
A - steel, tinplate
B - aluminium
G - fibreboard
H - plasticFor composite packaging, there are 2 letters: the second letter refers to the material used for the outer packaging
1 - closed head
2 - open head
For fibreboard packaging, the type of closure is not specified because it is always open head (lid + ring lock)
The information in this table is for the types of packagings distributed by Fidel Fillaud
So 1A1 means a closed head steel drum
and 6HA1 would be a steel drum with a PE inner lining
Y => Packing Group
Packing Group I = Great Danger (high hazard)
Packing Group II = Medium Danger (medium hazard)
Packing Group III = Minor Danger (low hazard)
F => Country code
Code of the State authorizing the mark
Well, all this is very informative but unfortunately not really helpful when it comes to determining the right packaging to transport your product! As always, theory is one thing, but putting it into practice is another.
To learn more about Transport Dangerous Goods, read our article "TDG, a few tips to make sure you choose the right packaging".
Any reproduction of this Article is prohibited without the written consent of Fidel Fillaud or attribution