Child-resistant packaging in 4 points

Child-resistant packaging in 4 points

March 2015

  • What is it?
  • Do you need it?
  • The obligations
  • Laws and standards
 

What is it?

Packaging used for potentially hazardous products must comply with European and national regulations, including the obligation to provide child-resistant packaging.

Child-resistant packaging means a container and closure system:

  • that makes it difficult for children to open
  • but doesn't make it too hard for an adult to open and close

Do you need it?

You need it if your product is potentially hazardous and it is intended for sale in a retail environment.

The obligations

Packaging manufacturers must select a container and closure system:

  • that is compatible with the contents
  • that will prevent escape of the contents between the time it is packaged and the time it is used
  • that will remain child-resistant throughout its life

Packaging manufacturers must perform appropriate resistance tests* on:

  • young children (between 42 and 51 months old)
  • adults (between 50 and 70 years old)

* these tests must be performed by an accredited laboratory

Laws and standards

In France, Article 22 and Annex 4 of Ministerial Decree of 9 November 2004 (defining the criteria for classification, packaging and labelling of hazardous preparations) sets forth the requirement for child-resistant closures. [This information relates to French law. For more information, please refer to the local laws in your country.]

View the Decree of 9 November 2004.

This decree transposes Directive 1999/45/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 31 May 1999 repealed and replaced by regulation 1272/2008/EC of 16 December 2008 (Regulation on the classification, labelling and packaging of substances and mixtures).

 The issue is also covered in several standards:

  • ISO 8317 (Child-resistant packaging, requirements and test methods for reclosable packages)
  • EN 862 (Child-resistant packaging, requirements and test methods for non-reclosable packages for non-pharmaceutical products) 
  • EN 14375 (Child-resistant packaging, requirements and test methods for non-reclosable packages for pharmaceutical products)  
 
 
 
 

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