Our previous tip of the month talked about what the packaging markings mean.
This month, here are some tips to help you select the right packaging for transporting your product.
?To determine the right type of packaging for your product, you should refer to:
- the UN code of your product
- the regulations for the modes of transport you have chosen (road, air, sea, etc.).
For example, in the ADR Volume I, Chapter 3.2 "Dangerous Goods List"
?This will give you the "packing instruction" to determine what type of packaging to use: type and maximum capacity (or maximum net mass) depending on the packing group.
Pay attention to any "Special packaging provisions".
For example, in the ADR Volume II, paragraph 18.104.22.168 "Packing instructions concerning the use of packagings"
? Please note, for the transport of liquids in PE packaging, you must check the UN code to see if your packaged liquid product is assimilated to a standard liquid (see below).
For example, in the ADR Volume I, Chapter 22.214.171.124.6 "Assimilation List"
? Choose an approved packaging of the right type and capacity determined using the above process.
? Always compare the Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) of the product and the UN rating of the packaging selected.
ADR (road) / RID (rail) / ADN (inland waterways) / IMO-IMDG (maritime) / IATA-ICAO (air)
The marking on the packaging corresponds to:
If the standard liquid to which you have assimilated your product is not listed in this table, you cannot use this packaging.
? The packagings are not interchangeable: You must use packaging rated for liquids for liquids and packaging rated for solids for solids. Some packagings have a double rating for solids/liquids.
Note: for the transport of Class 3 flammable viscous liquids, there is a specific RID-ADR "light gauge" regulation on light gauge metal packaging (tinplate).
? UN ratings cover a specific packaging + type of closure. This means you need to comply with the packaging + type of closure indicated in the rating.
? It is important to note that the packagings have been designed for "normal" filling and have been tested under specific test conditions. It is difficult to predict what happens if, for example, a 1000-litre IBC is filled with just 600 litres of product. In this case your liability is incurred. This is made clear in the ADR:
? One trap to avoid, for liquids, is to think in mass rather than specific gravity and package a smaller amount of product because its specific gravity would be higher than the UN rating for the pail. This can't happen. It is absolutely forbidden to exceed the maximum allowable specific gravity indicated in the rating.
? It is prohibited to transport "hazard group I" hazardous liquids in IBCs.
? The sender (the one who orders the transport) is solely liable under the law.
? For road transport (ADR), the rules are set out in the European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road of UNECE (United Nations Economic Commission for Europe).
? For rail transport (RID), the rules are set out in the Convention concerning International Carriage by Rail (COTIF) - Appendix C - Regulations concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail (RID)
? For inland waterway transport (ADN), the rules are set out in the European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Inland Waterways of UNECE
? For maritime transport (IMO-IMDG), the rules are set out in the International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code of the IMO (International Maritime Organization)
? For air transport (IATA-ICAO) the rules are set out in the Dangerous Goods Regulations of the IATA (International Air Transport Association) and the ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organization)
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